"What is mononucleosis"

Infectious mononucleosis is caused by Epstein-Barr virus that leads to some group of symptoms in teenagers. However, this disease may typically happen in teenage years, if not taken proper care, you can catch this virus at any age. This disease is popularly known as the “kissing disease”, as spreads through saliva. 

After the age of 1-2 years, many people get the EBV infection. However, at a young age, the symptoms are almost unnoticeable. If once received, the body gets immune to this virus for the rest of the life. 

People who get the mono fever suffers from fatigues, swollen lymph glands, and sore throat. The symptoms of mono can be treated with minimum treatment. The infection may take up 2-3 months to go away but it is manageable. 

What causes mono?
Generally, Mononucleosis is caused by EBV virus which transmits through saliva. EBV is actually as common as herpes because it belongs to that family. This virus can spread directly from human saliva from an infected person. It can also spread from other body fluids such as sperm and blood. 

Who may catch mono?
The following people remain at a higher risk for catching mono:

•    People between the ages of 14 and 30

•    School and college students

•    medical students and interns

•    caregivers

•    people who are  on medications that hampers the immune system

This can be a risk for people who regularly come in contact with a large number of people. This is the reason; students in high school and college may easily become infected with this. 

The doctor has to run the patient through some tests to make sure that, it is mononucleosis and not any other virus such as hepatitis A. 

Initial exam
Your doctor will ask about the period of symptoms and since how long, you have been facing it. For individuals between the age group of 15 to 25, the doctor might ask if you’ve been in close propinquity with any individuals infected with mono. 

Blood Count
During most instances, the doctor will check the blood count of the patient. This is helpful in determining the severity of illness with the help of a careful examination of blood cells. Generally, a higher level of lymphocyte suggests severity of the infection. 

White blood cell count
A mono infection leads to higher levels of white blood cells as they partake in body’s defense mechanism.

The monospot test
Monospot tests are taken as one of the most indicative methods to diagnose mononucleosis. In a nutshell, these are some proteins produced by the immune system to deal with the harmful elements entering the body.

When the symptoms of mononucleosis show in, the tests should be done within 2-4 weeks. However, these tests are not always accurate, but they can give a fair idea. Also, they are easy tests that result within 1 hour.

It is near to impossible to prevent Mono, as even people who are cured and healthy can carry that infection and spread it further. Since people get mono just once in a life; they themselves may not get it again.