"What is a migraine? Tips to avoid it"

Migraine is a type of headache caused by changes that take place within the brain. It also causes sensitivity to light and sound, or certain smells along with severe pain in the head. 
Here are some symptoms of migraine: pain in the eyes, sensitivity towards light or sound, vomiting, nausea and severe pain in the head that some people who have suffered migraine describe as “pounding”. 
Many other types of headaches can cause severe pain in the head, but not every headache is migraine. Even cluster headaches cause a lot of pain. It is not exactly known what causes migraine. However, studies suggest that it is caused due to changes occuring in neurotransmitter levels in some regions of the brain.
Migraines can be diagnosed with the help of their typical symptoms and signs. Many things might trigger migraine, some of which include: stress, external stimulus like noise, certain foods like red wine, chocolate, dairy product, changes in hormonal levels, some kinds of oral contraceptives, oversleeping, certain alcoholic beverages. The usual treatment for migraine is by taking over the counter prescribed drugs. Here are some examples of prescribed medication for migraine: frovatripan, eletripan, naratripan, etc.

Down below are some tips to avoid migraine triggers:

1) Watching what you eat and drink
If you experience a headache after having food, note what you ate and you can figure out the food that triggers your migraine. When you see a pattern, you should avoid those food items.

2)Eating regularly
Do not skip out on meals. Having an empty stomach is not advisable.

3)Ease off on caffeine
If it seems to be one of your triggers, it is advisable to slowly ease it off your routine as drawing back on any food suddenly may also trigger your headaches. 

4)Exercise carefully
While physical workout is a must for a healthy lifestyle, it can still trigger headache for some people suffering from migraine. You can still workout if that happens to be the case, and it is advisable to speak to your doctor about it and find out what type of exercise would work best for you.

5)Getting proper sleep
Not getting enough sleep can trigger headaches so it is best to ensure that you get quality sufficient sleep and not feel tired.

6)Managing stress
This is one of the most important things that you can do in order to help handle your migraine. There are numerous ways to do that. You can do it by exercising, meditation, praying, spending time with friends and loved ones, do anything that makes you feel good. You want to eliminate things that put you under stress. Counseling and stress management classes could be of great help.

Other things that you can do to avoid those triggers are staying hydrated, keeping a regular diet schedule, and keeping away from headache inducing weather. The key to keeping your headaches under control is by figuring out what exactly triggers them, and as a result avoiding them from turning severe.